Skip to Content

6 Salmon Varieties

Fresh cuts of salmon.

Salmon is without a doubt the most popular fish in North America. Sportfishing aficionados go to salmon fishing destinations like Alaska and British Columbia. Commercial salmon fishing is a huge industry for many different species of salmon. Salmon fishing, in fact, may be credited with helping to shape North America into what it is today.

But here’s the thing: in these waters, there is more than one Salmon. There’s so much more. Don’t worry if you can’t differentiate your Chinooks from your Cohos or if you’re unfamiliar with the many species of Salmon. We’ve compiled an easy-to-understand overview of the continent’s Salmon species. You can learn what they are, what distinguishes them, and how to identify them apart.

Salmon varieties include:

King Salmon/Chinook Salmon

Raw king salmon, focused shot.

Many people believe Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha), often known as King salmon, to be the best-tasting of the salmon species. They have a high fat content and a rich flesh that varies in color from white to deep crimson.

Chinook Salmon are the most common salmon in North America, as well as being the largest. They may be found from southern California’s deep Pacific seas to northern Alaska’s ice-cold rivers. They’ve also made their way into all five of the Great Lakes. Anglers follow them in droves everywhere they go.

Salmon Coho

Coho salmon do not grow as large as Chinook salmon, but they compensate by fighting twice as fiercely. Salmon are known for being the strongest and most hardy of all the salmon species. Although they aren’t everyone’s favorite fish, their battling spirit has earned them a place in the hearts of many fishermen. Perhaps that’s why they’re known as “Silver Salmon.”

See also  21 Jackfruit Varieties (Different Varieties of Jackfruit)

Coho do not go as far south as Chinook do. They first appear in Oregon and grow more numerous as you reach Washington. Chinook salmon may be found all along the northern Pacific coast and in all five Great Lakes.

Humpies/Humpback Salmon/Pink Salmon

The most common Pacific salmon is the pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbusha). They have meat that is light in colour, flavorful, and low in fat. Pink salmon is commonly canned, but it is also available fresh, frozen, and smoked. Because of the characteristic hump on their backs when they spawn, they are frequently referred to as “humpies” or humpback salmon.

Pink salmon are one of the few species that only spawn every other year. They spawn in Washington and British Columbia in odd-numbered years. Instead, they go to Alaska on even years. You’ll need to plan your vacation carefully to catch these tiny fellows at their best – or travel to the Great Lakes, where they may be seen all year.

Salmon sockeye

Sockeye Salmon are the most delicious of all the salmon species found in North America. They’re known as Red Salmon because of their dark, rich flesh, and they’re a favorite of flashy restaurants and celebrity chefs all around the globe. Hundreds of grizzly bears are also looking forward to the yearly river flow.

Sockeye salmon may be found from Washington to Alaska, along the Western Seaboard. Except for Superior, they may be found in all of the Great Lakes. Furthermore, landlocked “Kokanee Salmon” are supplied in lakes across the United States and Canada.

See also  Do Blueberries and Blackberries Go Together?

Salmon Chum

Steak cut of salmon chum.

Chum Salmon are typically regarded as the least popular member of the salmon family. They don’t have the same flavour as other salmon varieties. They don’t put up a lot of resistance. Many fishermen see Chum Salmon as more of a nuisance than a treasure. However, they do have one advantage: their roe is larger and tastier than normal. Sushi is often topped with it, even if the meat isn’t.

Chum salmon have the same natural range as most Pacific salmon, beginning in the northwest United States and extending all the way up the Pacific coast of Canada and into the Gulf of Alaska. They were never introduced into the Great Lakes, unlike other species.

Salmon from the Atlantic Ocean

In comparison to other species, Atlantic Salmon is unique. They reside on the opposite side of the continent, for starters. Furthermore, they were fished out of existence throughout most of their habitat. If you can find one, you’re in for a treat. They grow to be nearly as large as Chinook and fight as hard as Coho.

Atlantic Salmon may potentially be caught from Connecticut to Quebec and west into the Great Lakes. Atlantic salmon is an uncommon sight these days. In and around Lake Ontario, or in isolated rivers along the Northeastern Atlantic coast, you have the highest chance of capturing them.

Salmon Has a Lot of Health Benefits:

Baked salmon with asparagus, focused shot.

It might be difficult to include more seafood into your diet, but it’s definitely worth the effort every now and then: For a reason, the American Heart Association advises eating fish at least twice a week. Salmon, in particular, is a fantastic meal to eat if you’re aiming to maintain a healthy heart. According to certified dietitians, the health advantages of salmon are listed below.

See also  How to Properly Clean and Wash Blackberries

Omega-3 fatty acid content

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are two long-chain kinds of omega-3 fatty acids found in salmon (DHA).

Farmed salmon contains 2.3grams of these omega-3 fatty acids for every 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving, whereas wild salmon has 2.2 grams.

Omega-3 fats, unlike many other fats, are seen as “essential,” which means you must acquire them through your diet, as your body is incapable of producing them.

Most health organizations suggest that healthy persons consume 200–1,000 mg of DHA and EPA every day.

DHA and EPA have been linked to a variety of health advantages, including reducing inflammation and blood pressure, lowering cancer risk, and increasing the functioning of artery-lining cells.

According to a macro-analysis of 22 different studies, taking a DHA and EPA supplement on a regular basis may enhance vascular function considerably, particularly in persons who are overweight, smoke, and have metabolic syndrome or high cholesterol.

Furthermore, researches have shown that eating fish raises omega-3 fat levels inside the body equally as well as taking fish-oil capsules.

When it comes to the quantity of fish to consume, at least two meals of salmon each week will help you satisfy your requirements for omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon is high in vitamin D, which helps your immune system

Salmon, according to Gans, is a rich source of vitamin D. According to the ODS, vitamin D may be derived through sunshine and meals, and it assists in the absorption of calcium. Vitamin D, according to Gans, is also an immune-boosting mineral.

An excellent protein source

Salmon is a good protein source.

See also  15 Food Similar to Asparagus

Protein, like omega-3 fatty acids, is an important nutrient that must be obtained through your diet.

Protein has numerous functions within our bodies, including helping in injury healing, preserving the health of bones, and keeping muscle mass intact during weight loss and older age.

According to a new study, every meal should include at least 25–35 grams of quality protein for maximum health.

The protein content of a 3.5-ounce portion of salmon is 22–25 grams.

It may assist your body in sleep regulation

Salmon also contains tryptophan, a kind of amino acid, according to Gans. According to the MedlinePlus website of the US National Library of Medicine, tryptophan is an important amino acid. Because your body does not generate it, you must get it from your food. According to MedlinePlus, tryptophan aids in the production of melatonin and serotonin, which means it plays a role in critical biological activities, including mood regulation and the sleep-wake cycle.

B vitamins are abundant

B vitamins may be found in abundance in salmon.

The amount of B vitamins in 3.5 ounces of wild salmon is listed below:

Vitamin B12: more than 100% of RDV (Recommended Daily Value)

Niacin: 63 percent of the RDA

Vitamin B6: 56% of the RDA

Riboflavin: 38% of the RDA.

Pantothenic acid: 38% of the RDA.

Thiamin: 23% of the daily value

Folic acid: 7% of the daily value

These vitamins help your body perform a variety of functions, including converting food into energy, generating and mending DNA, and lowering chronic inflammation, that may contribute to illness (, 17Trusted Source).

See also  15 Banana Varieties (Varieties and Growing Tips)

According to research, the B-vitamin group operates together to keep your brain and neurological system in top shape. Even in industrialized nations, individuals may become deficient in multiple B-vitamins.

High selenium content

Selenium is a mineral that may be found in soil and certain foods.

It’s classified one of the trace minerals, which means that the body only requires minimal quantities of it. Getting adequate selenium through diet, however, is critical.

Selenium has been found in studies to aid maintain bone health, lower thyroid antibodies for persons with autoimmune thyroid problems, and reduce cancer risk.

Salmon contains 75–85 percent of the RDV for selenium in a 3.5-ounce serving.

People with low selenium levels in their blood have been proven to benefit from consuming fishes that were high in terms of selenium content.

A prior research indicated that persons, who ate a couple of servings of salmon each week, had considerably higher blood selenium levels than people who took fish-oil capsules with less selenium.

Final Word:

To sum up, we hope that this blog will help you differentiate between the various kinds of salmon, as well as encourage you to add more of the fish to your diet.