The quince is a fruit and a fruit tree for the garden that is all too frequently disregarded. This apple-like tree blossoms in the spring and bears excellent fruits. Consider one of the various types of quince for your yard if you want something different.
Many people don’t consider quince a valuable variety for their garden, but it is a fruit that deserves to be valued. A quince is a fruit tree that reaches a mature height of 8 to 15 feet (2-5 meters). It produces twisted and gnarled branches that offer year-round visual appeal to the garden. It flowers in the spring and produces the quince fruit in the late summer: a hard, acidic, apple-like fruit that is delicious when cooked or baked. Although the fruit is typically too sour to eat raw, it makes delicious jams, jellies, and pies.
You can choose from a variety of quince tree kinds, variations, and cultivars to bring this intriguing tree and delectable fruit to your landscape and kitchen. These fruits can be eaten raw if they are quite ripe, but most are too hard and should be cooked first. Because quince is high in pectin, it can also be used to make jellies.
Here are a few quince varieties to try in your garden.
Common Quince Species
Meech’s Prolific Quince
Meech’s Prolific loves a warm climate but thrives in a wide range of environments. The tree is a heavy producer, as its name suggests. The first fruits, on the other hand, take roughly 3 to 5 years to appear. The tree is beautiful all year long, but it blossoms in May. The blossoms are lovely, and they provide ornamental value to your garden. Meech’s Prolific is very sour when raw, but when cooked quickly, it develops a bright, robust flavor with a delightful piney tartness, similar to that of pineapple or mango.
The Vranja Quince is a semi-dwarfing tree. Vranja produces a stunning display when planted in a fan shape against a garden wall, thanks to its bright and attractive flowers and manageable height. Remember that, while the plant is tolerant and low-maintenance, it dislikes moist soil. As a result, make sure your Vranja quince tree is planted in well-drained soil and a sunny location. Vranja is a popular, traditional Quince that produces enormous, pale greenish-yellow fruits that resemble Meech’s Prolific in shape and size. Quince is harsh to the taste and virtually inedible raw, but it cooks up beautifully into Quince jams, Quince Jelly, and Quince Vodka.
Le Bourgeaut Quince
The Le Bourgeaut quince tree provides petite, delicious apples that are great for cooking. The tree, like all other types, is self-fertile. When planted with other trees, however, it produces the best crop. It may be found in USDA Zones 5 through 9 from Maine to California.
The Smyrna Quince is a fast-growing tree. It’s gorgeous, easy to cultivate, and produces lemon-yellow fruits after beautiful pink blossoms in the spring. The Smyrna quince is especially appreciated for its flavor, and it’s frequently utilized in baked products and delectable preserves. The flesh is white, and the fruit is spherical or slightly oblong. The flavor of Smyrna quince isn’t as strong as other varieties, although it lasts longer.
When pruned appropriately, champion quince can easily reach a height of 6 to 8 feet. It bears huge, spherical fruits. Champion should be at the top of your choice if you’re searching for a low-maintenance quince tree. It is the most dependable of all types and is resistant to the majority of pests and illnesses. The fruit creates delectable pies and jellies with just the right amount of sweetness and tartness.
Rea’s Mammoth Quince
The Rea’s Mammoth quince tree is a magnificent selection. It has lovely rose-pink blooms that grow into huge pear-shaped fruits that turn a rich yellow-golden color in the fall. The tree is such a heavy producer that the weight of the fruits may cause the branches to bend.
One of the largest Quince tree types with twisted limbs is the Orange quince tree. It grows large, bright yellow pear-shaped fruits that are exceptionally aromatic and tasty, making them ideal for jams and jellies. In their natural habitat, these trees thrive in damp, heavy soils and are frequently found near creek banks.
Lescovatza quince is a high-yielding cultivar native to Serbia that is frequently used in cooking. The foliage is big and green, with spherical yellow-green quinces. It’s a dwarf cultivar. If you plan to grow your quince tree in a container, Lescovatza may be a great alternative.
Cooke’s Jumbo Quince
This tree is a small bushy tree with large-sized, sweet, and juicy quinces. Although the tree is small, it is as tough as oak. Fruits are yellow-green with firm white flesh. Cooke’s Jumbo quinces should not be consumed raw. The crop, on the other hand, can be used to bake and make jams.
Van Deman Quince
Van Deman is a magnificent ornamental tree with stunning white and extremely fragrant blossoms that herald the approach of spring. The fruit is similar to pears and apples with a sweet and spicy flavor and a mild tartness. It has a pleasant flavor and is ideal for cooking.
Ludovic Quince is a slow-growing cultivar with lovely dark green, leathery leaves. This tree, which is native to the eastern Mediterranean, is ideal for gardeners searching for a consistent supply of fruit. In May, pale pink flowers bloom, followed by apple-shaped fruits that mature to a green-gold color. Ludovic is a powerful music producer.
Pineapple Quince is a lovely accent tree that looks fantastic in any landscape, especially in the summer when the branches are covered in pink blossoms and the fall when the branches are covered with yellow-green fruits.
Pineapple Quince is a significantly harder kind than most others. It’s heat-resistant, drought-tolerant, and cold-hardy, making it the perfect low-maintenance tree for your yard. Cydonia oblonga has a spherical form, light skin, and soft, pale flesh. The pineapple quince gets its name from its flavor, which is similar to pineapple. The Pineapple quince is widely produced in California and harvested from August through late January. It is frequently imported from Chile during the off-season.
Rich Dwarf Quince
Rich’s Dwarf Quince Tree is most commonly used in cooking since the fruit is sour and solid. Although Rich’s Dwarf is a dwarf type, the fruit is enormous and excellent. Second, whether planted outside or in a container, these trees are adaptable to most climates. However, it is preferable to plant your tree in a sunny location. It bears fruit after 2 to 3 years after planting. The fuzzy, lemon-yellow fruit of Cydonia oblonga “Rich’s Dwarf” quince is enormous, despite its name.
The Aromatnaya Quince tree is both attractive and fruitful. It produces spherical yellow quinces with a flavor that is akin to fresh pineapple. Sauces, butter, and marmalades can all be made using the fruit. Aromatnaya, on the other hand, may not be the greatest cultivar for growing a quince tree in a pot.
Are you looking for some of the best-tasting quinces? Consider planting the Quince Lusitanica in your garden. The fruit is big and orange-yellow in hue. It has a smooth texture and a mild flavor, unlike some other types. When cooked, the flesh turns red. In addition, the tree is taller and more vigorous than most other varieties. It is, however, less hardy and better suited to warmer climates.
Quince Leskovac is a tiny fruit tree. It is, nonetheless, one of the hardiest kinds, with outstanding fruit output and decorative appeal. Fan training against a wall is easy with these trees. They also make a lovely border. They can also be grown in pots for rooftop gardens and patios because of their manageable size. The quince fruit it produces is shaped like a pear and is quite aromatic.
Missouri Mammoth Quince
The Missouri Mammoth quince is quickly gaining popularity as a commercial variety, particularly in Colorado and Utah. The tree yields huge, green quinces that are roundish oblate in shape. The tree does not yield a lot of fruit, but the flavor and texture of the fruit are excellent.
Serbian Gold Quince
The Serbian Gold quince is also known as “Leschovach” in Serbia. It is one of the least vigorous varieties. It is, nevertheless, quite productive, producing wonderful quinces that are ideal for cooking and making Quince Liqueur. The fruit is enormous and quite aromatic.
The Bereczki Quince cultivar, which dates back to the early 1800s, is one of the oldest. It yields pear-shaped, large, juicy fruits with a sweet acidic flavor. The Bereczki quince has yellow flesh that turns scarlet when cooked. For the greatest results, choose well-draining soil.
Shams Quince is an Iranian tree that yields spherical, pear-shaped fruits with textured deep-yellow flesh. It’s one of the sweeter kinds. The flesh is tougher than other cultivars and retains its shape even when cooked for a long time. Grow your Shams quince tree in a location that’s warm and sunny for the best results.
If you have quince trees in your garden, your garden will smell like delicious quinces in the summer. Now that you’ve learned about the different quince kinds and how they taste, you can choose which one you’d like to stock up on!